Christie announces state takeover of Atlantic City finances 01/27/2016

Avoiding possible bankruptcy and a hostile state takeover of a once-glittering gambling resort town, top New Jersey political leaders and the Atlantic City mayor Tuesday announced a five-year compact to repair the city’s finances. Lawmakers said the arrangement stops short of the kind of intervention the Democratic state Senate president was seeking and the bankruptcy Mayor Don Guardian threatened to pull the city out of financial crisis. “Last Thursday, I placed a telephone call to the mayor, and I told him my view was the city needed help, and I wanted to help the city and we needed to work together,” Gov. Chris Christie said at a Statehouse news conference Tuesday afternoon, flanked by Senate President Stephen Sweeney (D-Gloucester) and Guardian.

Under the agreement, the state would take expanded responsibility and decision-making authority over Atlantic City’s finances, including the power to restructure municipal debt, alter or terminate municipal contracts and collective bargaining agreements, strike shared service agreements with the county, and sell or lease city-owned services, Christie said. The state also would have assumed these functions under Sweeney’s takeover bill (S970) but Guardian classified the new plan as cooperation and not a takeover. Ultimately, whether it’s a takeover depends on nuances of the legislation, said Mark Pfeiffer, a former deputy director with the state Division of Local Government Services. “The devil in this case is in the details,” said Pfeiffer, an assistant director at Rutgers’ Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy.

Lawmakers will swiftly develop and pass legislation in February, Christie said. The state’s expanded role will expire within five years. “The city’s finances are now the greatest threat to its well-being,” the governor said, adding that a bankruptcy is “clearly not my preference.” But previous efforts haven’t included the comprehensive solutions necessary to address the city’s complex financial straits, he said. Atlantic City holds about $240 million in debt and owes another $160 million in tax appeals to Borgata Hotel Casino alone. Last week, Standard and Poor’s described those financial commitments as “unsustainable in the long term.” Those remarks accompanied a “super-downgrade” of Atlantic City’s credit rating, which was already in junk bond territory, by four notches. S&P suggested that without intervention, the city would default within six months.

The mayor was scheduled to hold an emergency city council meeting Tuesday night in preparation for asking the state’s permission to file for bankruptcy. Guardian said it would be premature to speculate what some of the cost-cutting measure for Atlantic City might be, such as selling the $100 million water utility, or seeking givebacks from labor contracts. Atlantic City, long the East Coast’s gambling destination, has faced growing competition from neighboring states. In 2014, four of the city’s 12 casinos closed, taking a bite out of the city’s tax revenue and leaving 10,000 casino workers unemployed. Lawmakers last year introduced a rescue aid package, which Christie twice rejected, even after the Legislature agreed to his recommended changes. That veto leaves a $33.5 million gap in the city’s municipal budget, and officials have said the city could run out of cash by April.

Obama Proposal Could Cut Methane Emissions But Boost Energy Costs 01/25/2016

The Obama administration is proposing new rules to curb methane emissions, a potent form of greenhouse-gas emissions, a step that may help deal with climate change but could hamper the fast-growing natural-gas sector. The proposal, made public on Friday by the U.S. Department of Interior, would mostly affect oil and gas drilling on public lands. But it also would require the industry to do a better job of monitoring leaks in pipelines delivering the fuel to customers. Both industry lobbyists and environmental groups said the proposal could raise energy costs, an outcome with implications in New Jersey, which has become increasingly reliant on natural gas not only to heat homes during the winter, but also to produce much of the electricity used here.

“The boom in natural-gas production has not only kept energy costs low, but has also brought new life to America’s manufacturing sector,’’ said Thomas Pyle, president of the Institute for Energy Research, an industry trade group. “(The Department of Interior’s) regulation threatens this progress by hindering production, raising energy costs, and killing jobs.’’ But the spurt of growth of new natural-gas plants in New Jersey and an expansion of pipelines from newly exploited deposits of the fuel in neighboring states has generated heated controversy. Many of the pipeline proposals traverse public land previously set aside with taxpayers’ dollars, or go through relatively affluent suburbs. “We hope this rule moves forward because it will help regulate methane leaks from fracking, while making it costlier for the gas and oil industry to operate and propose pipelines in our state,’’ said Jeff Tittel, director of the New Jersey Sierra Club. He noted there are at least 15 pipelines that have either been proposed or approved in the state.

According to the Bureau of Land Management, which proposed the rule, it would cost the industry $126 million to $161 million a year. Under the old rules, only new pipelines were subject to increased monitoring for leaks, according to Doug O’Malley, director of Environment New Jersey. “It’s a huge loophole. Existing pipelines are a big source of methane,’’ he said. In proposing the new rule, DOI estimated that between 2009 and 2014 enough natural gas was lost through venting, flaring, and leaks into the atmosphere to power more than 5 million homes for a year. In addition, the Government Accountability Office said as much as $23 million annually in revenue is lost to the federal government and states. New technology can reduce the waste, federal officials said. “By asking operators to take simple, common-sense actions to reduce waste — like swapping out old equipment and checking for leaks — we expect to cut this waste almost in half,’’ said Neil Kornze, director of the Bureau of Land Management. But Pyle said companies have the incentive to capture methane as a valuable commodity. The rules would be phased in over several years to allow operators to make the transition more cost efficiently, according to the Bureau of Land Management.

Christie kills legislation meant to guarantee $80M for open-space funding 01/20/2016

On Tuesday, January 19, Gov. Chris Christie pocket vetoed a bill which would have allowed $80 million to go towards protecting open space and farmland, as well as to preserve historic structures. The bill originally passed unanimously in the Senate with bipartisan support in the Assembly. Bills like this are usually a routine when it comes to NJ annual funding, so Christie’s veto is peculiar and resulted in uncertainty as to why he chose to veto the bill and what the funds would be used for. The veto could leave municipalities, counties and other organizations that hoped for funding, hostage to the changes of the state’s budget for the next fiscal year, which begins July 1. Neither Christie nor his spokesperson, Joelle Farrell, has elaborated on exactly why the bill was killed, however, Farrell implied that it was due to too many measures that were pushed through at the end of the prior legislative year. He stated that passing more than 100 bills in a scrambled way is not an effective approach in conducting public business. The Open- Space Bill was one of more than 10 environmental measures that were pocket vetoed on Jan. 19. Speculation emerged as to how Christie will spend the $80 million; in the current fiscal year, the governor and Legislature used $20 million of the open-space fund to pay for salaries and maintenance at state parks. NJ Keep It Green, a coalition of more than 180 park and conservation groups, portrayed their disappointment with the veto; however, they vowed to work with the governor and legislature to help distribute the voter-approved funds. Next month, Gov. Christie will announce his budget proposal for the upcoming fiscal year, so the questions of where the $80 million will go will be answered.

Straub plans casino at reopened Revel  01/19/2016

Developer Glen Straub said on Tuesday that he plans to reopen the shuttered Revel resort with a casino, although a smaller one than what was there before. Staub, who owns the site, told The Associated Press he has made up his mind to offer casino gambling at the resort, ending a long period of uncertainty about its future. “We’ll have a casino that’s about 50 percent of what was there,” he said. He gave no timetable for the opening of a casino, which he indicated would come after other plans that are already underway for the resort. Straub said he is moving forward first with plans for a water park at the resort, which could start construction in late May. Hotel rooms could be open by June, he said.

The Florida developer’s application for a state casino license is incomplete, and it appears unlikely a casino could open at Revel this summer, given the lengthy investigation state gambling regulators would be required to undertake. Straub said he plans to hire an operator to run the casino, which would include Asian gambling attractions. Revel had high hopes of reinvigorating Atlantic City’s struggling casino market when it opened April 2, 2012. But it never caught on with gamblers, filed for bankruptcy twice and shut down on Sept. 2, 2014. It was one of four Atlantic City casinos to go out of business that year. It cost $2.4 billion to build, but Straub bought it for $82 million from bankruptcy court. If Straub succeeds in reopening Revel with a casino, it would become the city’s 9th casino. Its next-door neighbor, the former Showboat Casino Hotel, was bought last week by Philadelphia developer Bart Blatstein, who has yet to decide whether to reopen it as a casino or as a non-gambling attraction.

Taken together, the two developments could represent some hope for growth in the Atlantic City casino market, even as the area braces for losses from two new casinos being proposed for the northern part of the state. A bill is pending in the state Legislature for a November referendum in which voters would be asked whether to approve the new casinos. Atlantic City’s eight surviving casinos have begun to stabilize their finances with less competition, and it remains to be seen how a reopened Revel or Showboat might affect that tenuous balance. Straub has also said the new casino won’t be named Revel, but he has yet to decide on a new moniker. He cleared away a major obstacle to its reopening last fall when he decided to buy the power plant that was at the heart of months of litigation that was preventing the complex from being occupied again.

NJ ranked among highest-taxed states 01/21/2016

In a ranking that will surprise no one who has ever paid a tax bill, New Jersey landed near the top in a list of high-tax states released Wednesday. According to the Tax Foundation, 12.2 percent of all income in New Jersey went toward state and local taxes in fiscal 2012. That tax burden was the third-highest in the nation, right behind New York and Connecticut. New Jersey has consistently ranked near the top in terms of taxes paid going back to the 1970s. That is in large part because it also consistently ranks among the nation’s wealthiest and highest-cost states. In 2014, according to census figures, New Jersey had a median household income of about $72,000, second-highest in the nation, after Maryland. Looking for the lowest taxes? Go to Alaska, South Dakota and Wyoming.

The Tax Foundation, a right-leaning tax policy research organization, ranked the states according to state and local taxes paid. On average, Americans paid about 10 percent of their incomes in state and local taxes in 2012, the foundation said. Since 1977, that percentage has moved within a narrow range of about 9.4 percent to 10.5 percent. Economists say that wealthier places tend to pay a higher share of their incomes in taxes, because affluent people are generally more willing to pay for a higher level of public services, such as better schools and roads. In addition, wealthier taxpayers are more likely to face capital gains taxes.

Gordon MacInnes, president of New Jersey Policy Perspective, a progressive think tank, said states with a high cost of living, such as New Jersey, must pay public workers more. “If police make $35,000 in Wyoming and $80,000 in New Jersey, that’s reflected in higher taxes, because we want our cops and teachers to live near their jobs,” he said. State tax rankings, MacInnes said, do not “reflect very accurately how well states do in creating jobs and opportunities for their residents.” Wednesday’s ranking included a wide range of taxes, including property taxes, sales taxes, excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco, individual income taxes, corporate income taxes and estate taxes.